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The Ultimate Guide to Fire Door Inspection in London by Metro PAT

Updated: Dec 19, 2023

Fire doors are critical to your building's passive fire protection system. They save lives by preventing the spread of fire and smoke, allowing occupants to escape and giving emergency services more time to carry out their duties safely. Understanding the importance of fire door compliance is essential for every business and landlord in London. At Metro PAT, we take the safety of your premises and its occupants seriously, providing comprehensive fire door inspections to ensure compliance with the latest UK fire safety legislation.

Fire door inspection London

Understanding the Anatomy of a Fire Door: Ensuring Safety in London Buildings

Understanding the anatomy of a fire door is crucial, as each component plays a vital role in its overall effectiveness. Let's break down these components and their contributions to a fire door's function.

The Door Leaf

The door leaf is the primary, solid part of the fire door, and it's typically constructed from materials like solid timber, steel, or a composite. The integrity of the door leaf prevents the spread of fire and smoke for a designated period, usually rated from 30 minutes (FD30), 60 minutes (FD60), to 120 minutes (FD120). The thickness and materials used are critical factors in how long the door will hold out against a blaze.

The Door Frame

A fire door is only as effective as its frame, designed to hold the door leaf in place and must be compatible with the door's fire rating. The frame includes intumescent strips that expand when exposed to high temperatures, sealing the gap between the door leaf and frame to prevent the passage of fire and smoke.

Intumescent Seals and Smoke Seals

These seals line the edges of the door or frame and play a crucial role in fire and smoke containment. Intumescent seals expand in the heat to fill gaps, while smoke seals are designed to block smoke from passing through the door.


Hinges must be strong enough to hold the weight of a fire door significantly heavier than a standard door. They are typically made from metal and must be fire-rated to ensure they don't fail during a fire.

Door Closers

Door closers ensure that the fire door closes automatically after opening. This is essential because an open fire door cannot prevent the spread of fire or smoke. The closer must be appropriately adjusted to close the door fully every time.

Locks and Latches

Locks and latches on fire doors must also be fire-rated. They must withstand high temperatures without compromising the door's integrity, ensuring it stays shut during a fire.

Glass Panels

When used in fire doors, glass panels must be fire-resistant glazing that can withstand exposure to high temperatures for as long as the door's rating specifies. They should be installed using proper beading and glazing compounds with fire-retardant properties.


Fire doors must be marked with signage that indicates their purpose and instructions for use, such as 'Fire Door – Keep Closed'. This is essential for maintaining awareness among building occupants.

Every component mentioned is indispensable in protecting lives and properties from fire hazards. Metro PAT prides itself on thoroughly understanding these elements during our fire door inspections. Our expert team ensures that every part of your fire doors meets strict safety standards.

For comprehensive fire door inspection services in London that you can trust, contact us at Metro PAT. Call us at 0800 014 6728 to schedule an appointment and ensure your building's compliance with current fire safety regulations. Your safety is our priority.

Why Fire Door Inspections London are Crucial

Fire door inspections are fundamental to building safety and should always be inspected. With the dense population and the unique architectural landscape of London, ensuring the integrity of fire doors is not just a legal mandate—it's a crucial commitment to public safety and welfare.

Inadequate fire doors can significantly increase the risk of fire spreading uncontrollably, leading to devastating outcomes, including significant property damage, severe injuries, or even loss of life. A fire door's ability to resist the spread of fire and smoke is pivotal during those critical moments of a fire outbreak, providing valuable time for occupants to evacuate safely.

At Metro PAT, we understand that ensuring each fire door in your establishment functions correctly is part of your legal responsibilities as a building owner or manager under the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005. But beyond ticking a box for compliance purposes, regular and thorough fire door inspections are an ethical imperative to protect your assets and, more importantly, the lives within your premises.

When we conduct fire door inspections, our experienced team assesses several key components:

  • Door Leaf and Frame: We check for damage or warping that could prevent the door from operating correctly.

  • Intumescent Seals: These should be intact and continuous, expanding in the event of a fire to prevent smoke and flames from passing through.

  • Gaps and Clearances: The gap between the door and frame should not exceed 3mm for optimal performance.

  • Hinges and Hardware: All hinges should be securely fixed with no missing screws, and hardware must be appropriate for fire door operation.

  • Closing Mechanism: Doors must close firmly against the latch without sticking or binding, ensuring they can do so automatically during a fire.

Our commitment doesn't end at identifying faults. We're dedicated to guiding you through the remediation process, offering solutions and assistance in addressing any issues that may compromise your fire doors' performance. By conducting regular inspections, we help you uphold legal standards and the moral duty to safeguard your building's occupants.

Let Metro PAT be your partner in fire safety. We bring expertise and conscientious service to every inspection, giving you peace of mind that your fire doors will perform as intended when it matters most.

Our Approach to Ensuring Compliance

At Metro PAT, our professional team is dedicated to conducting inspections that are both thorough and painstaking in detail. We approach every assessment keenly, meticulously examining each component to ensure no aspect of your fire doors is overlooked. Our evaluations are exhaustive, considering the integrity of the door's structure, the reliability of its closing mechanism, the condition of seals, and the overall ability of the door to perform its safety-critical function.

Upon concluding our rigorous evaluation process, we compile and deliver comprehensive reports that concisely articulate our findings. These reports are crafted to be detailed and accessible, providing a clear picture of the current state of your fire doors. Our objective is to furnish you with all the necessary information to understand the condition of your fire safety systems.

When our inspections reveal deficiencies or areas of concern, we continue beyond identification. We take a proactive stance in guiding our clients through the following steps. Our support includes offering authoritative advice and detailed, actionable recommendations for remediation. We outline the specific corrective actions that need to be taken to rectify any identified issues. This advice is tailored to ensure that all fire doors within your premises are brought up to and maintained at the required standards for fire safety compliance, as dictated by relevant regulations and guidelines. Our goal is to facilitate a clear path to remediation, ensuring that your fire doors are fully operational, compliant, and capable of providing the necessary protection.

Staying Compliant with Fire Door Regulations

To adhere to regulatory standards, you must implement a consistent schedule for fire door inspections. The regularity with which these assessments should occur is not uniform across all properties; it fluctuates based on various determinants. These determinants include the specific nature of the building in question, its primary purpose, and the general traffic it experiences.

Normatively, fire doors are expected to undergo a thorough inspection at least biannually — every six months — to ensure they are in proper working order and capable of performing their critical safety function during an emergency. However, buildings that fall into high-risk environments, such as hospitals, schools, or industrial facilities where the likelihood of fire may be elevated, might necessitate a more frequent examination protocol. In such cases, a quarterly review or even more regular inspections could be mandated to guarantee continual compliance and optimal safety of the occupants and infrastructure.

Choose Metro PAT for Your Fire Door Inspection Needs in London

By choosing Metro PAT for your fire door inspection needs in London, you benefit from our expertise and dedication to safety. We understand the complexities of fire door compliance and are here to ensure that your doors meet all legal requirements.

Don't compromise on safety. Ensure that your property is protected and compliant. Call Metro PAT today at 0800 014 6728 for a professional fire door inspection service tailored to all business sectors and landlords in London.

Remember, fire safety has no room for error. Trust us to help you get it right.

FAQ: UK Fire Door Compliance

What is a fire door?

A fire door is a specially constructed door designed to resist the spread of fire and smoke between compartments of a building. They are an integral part of a property's passive fire protection system.

Why are fire doors important?

Fire doors save lives and property by holding back flames and smoke, allowing occupants more time to escape and reducing fire damage until emergency services can control the fire.

How often do fire doors need to be inspected?

UK regulations recommend that fire doors be inspected at least every six months. More frequent inspections may be necessary in buildings with high foot traffic or increased risk.

What should I look for in a fire door inspection service?

Choose a service with a deep understanding of the UK's fire safety regulations, experienced inspectors, and a track record of providing comprehensive inspections and actionable reports, like Metro PAT.

Are there different types of fire doors for different buildings?

Fire doors have different ratings indicating how long they can resist fire. These ratings must align with the building's requirements based on its use, size, and layout.

Can I perform a fire door inspection myself?

While regular checks by staff are encouraged, formal inspections should be carried out by qualified professionals who can identify less obvious faults and ensure full compliance with fire safety legislation.

What happens if my fire doors fail the inspection?

If your fire doors are not inspected, you will receive a detailed report from Metro PAT outlining the issues. We will also guide you on the necessary corrective actions to take.

Are there penalties for non-compliance with fire door regulations?

Failing to comply with fire safety regulations, including those relating to fire doors, can result in significant fines, legal action, and even imprisonment in severe negligence cases.

What makes a door 'fire-rated'?

A 'fire-rated' door has been tested to withstand fire for a certain period (30, 60, 90, or 120 minutes). It includes all necessary components, including intumescent strips, fire-rated glass, hinges, locks, and door closers.

Do fire doors need to be certified?

Yes, fire doors must be certified to meet strict safety standards. Certification should be from accredited bodies like the British Woodworking Federation (BWF) Certifire Scheme.

Is it legally required to have signage on fire doors?

Yes, UK law requires that fire doors have appropriate signage to indicate their purpose. The signs should be legible and durable to withstand fire conditions.

How can I schedule a fire door inspection in London?

To schedule a professional fire door inspection in London, call Metro PAT at 0800 014 6728. Our expert team will ensure your building's fire doors are compliant and functional.

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